Abbasid Caliphate Established 750 & Disestablished 1258.
TIMELINE SHOWING PERIOD FROM 632 AH to 2016 AH
SIX IMAMS HADITH COLLECTORS & REJECTERS CAME DURING ABBASID CALIPHATE.
- Sahih Bukhari author Muhammad al-Bukhari (810-870) From Bukhara
Accepted 7563 hadīth (with repetitions) and without repetitions 2,600
Prophet Muhammad Born in 570 AD
Prophet Muhammad died in 632 AD
Bukhari born in 810 AD
Bukhari traveled widely throughout the Abbasid empire from the age of 16.
So bukhari collected Hadiths from age of 16
Now the Difference between the death of the Prophet and Bukhari started collecting Hadiths
826-632 = 194 years
Bukhari finished his work around 846 AD
846-826 = 20 years
In 20 years Bukhari collected 6,00,000 hadiths
After that Bukhari Rejected 592,437 and Accepted 7563 hadīth (with repetitions) and without repetitions 2,600.
Bukhari followed his dream and ignored the commandments of the Quran. (17:73-75, 69:43-47)
2. Sahih Muslim author Muslim b. al-Hajjaj (821-875) From Neshapur
3. Sunan al-Sughra author al-Nasa’i (829-915) From Village in Khorasan
4. Sunan Abu Dawood author Abu Dawood (818-888) From Sistan
5. Jami al-Tirmidhi author al-Tirmidhi (824-892) From Tirmaz
6. Sunan ibn Majah author Ibn Majah (824-887) From Qazveen
The Six Collections (As-Sihah As-Sittah) that are said to be the utterance of the prophet but none of those who collected them was an Arab they were all Persians. There was no written record of what was collected. The collections were made 200 years after the death of the prophet depending on what was verbally related by the people all around.
Now all these Hadith writers came from Persia to write the hadiths although they were not commanded by Allah to write. They spent money on this project for traveling, staying in Arabia, for their lodging and boarding and many times they paid the narrators for their narrations.
In a nutshell they PURCHASED THE HADITH NARRATIONS.
Also Four Books of Shia hadiths were collected during this period
Al-Kutub Al-Arbʿah (The Four Books of Shia)
1- Kitab al-Kafi collected by Muhammad ibn Ya‘qūb al-Kulaynī (864- 941) from Iran
2- Man la yahduruhu al-Faqih collected by Abu Ja’far Muhammad ibn ‘Ali ibn Babawaih al-Qummi (923-991) from Khorasan
3- Tahdhib al-Ahkam collected by Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Hassan Tusi, commonly known as Shaykh Tusi (995 – 1068) from Tous, Iran
4- Al-Istibsar collected by Abu Jafar Muhammad Ibn Hassan Tusi, commonly known as Shaykh Tusi (995 – 1068) from Tous, Iran
Allah says in the Quran:
2:79 So woe to those who write the Book with their hands then say: “This is from Allah,” so that they can purchase with it a cheap price! Woe to them for what their hands have written and woe to them for what they gained.